This is a Baroque architectural ensemble, formed by a Royal Palace, a Basilica and a Convent. It has important collections of Italian sculpture, Italian and Portuguese painting, a unique library, as well as two carillons, six historic organs and a 18th century hospital. It is a Palace integrated in the European Network of European Royal Residences - http://www.europeanroyalresidences.eu/
Built by D. João V to fulfill a succession vow, the Palácio de Mafra is the most important monument of the Baroque in Portugal. Built in lioz stone from the region, it occupies 38,000 m, with 1,200 rooms, 4,700 doors and windows, and 156 stairs. It is a magnificence only made possible by the influx of gold from Brazil. For the Royal Work, the King ordered sculptures and paintings from Italian and Portuguese Masters and, in Flanders, two carillons with 92 bells - the largest of its time. It also integrates a set of six historical organs in the Basilica, an important 18th century library with c. 38,000 volumes and a Conventual Center, with a hospital at the time. Not being the habitual residence of the Royal Family, the Palácio de Mafra was always much visited by the kings to attend religious parties or to hunt in the Tapada.